Toronto Vinyl Flooring : How Is It Made?

In Toronto, vinyl flooring has enjoyed a massive resurgence in popularity.

Formerly, this cost-effective material was thought by some to be old-fashioned, but modern options provide beautiful, resilient and affordable choices to homeowners and designers. Although many people now enjoy vinyl underfoot in their home, few know how it is made. Understanding the manufacturing process can shed light on why the characteristics of vinyl are just so versatile: it can be tailored as needed to provide different colours, hardness, sheen, and flexibility, even mimicking the appearance of more expensive flooring options.

Polyvinyl Chloride

Ingredients and process

The foundational element in this type of flooring is polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin created from plastic pellets, with additional compounds that modify the qualities of the resulting material. These additives include stabilizers, plasticizers, pigments, and fillers. Some vinyl floors can also include antimicrobial elements to prevent the growth of mould and bacteria. Stabilizers help to preserve the vinyl and minimize fading over time due to heat and light. Plasticizers modify the texture to create softer and more flexible material. Pigments are added to give the flooring its colour, and fillers can also help in creating specific design aesthetics. Additionally, fillers extend the PVC resin. In order for PVC pellets to be transformed from individual pieces of plastic into beautiful vinyl flooring in Toronto, extraordinary heat and pressure are used to melt them down to a smooth consistency. This substance is then blended with the additives above according to the desired qualities of the end product.

Options : sheets, tiles, and planks

For sheet vinyl, the liquid plastic is spread in a very thin layer onto the backing, then dried with hot air. As the liquid dries, it fuses with the back to produce an extremely durable sheet. These sheets are available in wide rolls that can be cut to size. Vinyl tiles are manufactured similarly to sheet vinyl, but they are cut in 6-, 9-, or 12-inch squares and often designed with patterns that imitate natural stone. These tiles are usually installed with the peel-and-stick method, resulting in a smooth and uniform appearance, not to mention how easy they are to “DIY. Inlay vinyl tiles are created by fusing multiple layers of the same colour. This method produces a remarkably resilient option, since each layer appears the same as the first, meaning wear does not show over time.

Imitation of Natural Stone

Ease of Installation

Authentic hardwood

Vinyl planks are rectangular pieces that are designed to imitate authentic hardwood. Theyare a popular choice for flooring in rooms where genuine wood would be susceptible to moisture, like bathrooms and basements. It’s manufactured to create a wide variety of sizes and thicknesses, and they can be precision etched to form an incredibly realistic texture. When comparing all options for vinyl flooring, Toronto homeowners often appreciate the versatility of planks’ appearance and ease of installation. Regardless of your budget and aesthetic goals for the room you’re designing, vinyl provides a compelling catalogue with a variety of looks, installation options, and price points to meet the needs of any project. We welcome you to call or come visit our expansive showroom at Chestnut flooring.

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