What Is The Best Way To Install Your Hardwood Flooring In Toronto?

If you’re installing hardwood flooring in Toronto, there are general steps you can follow to ensure your finished floor looks as beautiful as you hoped. Correctly following steps helps ensure that boards fit, and you don’t end up with gaps or uneven surfaces. Take your time and ask for help if you need it. The experts at chestnut flooring will be happy to help with your project.


Step 1- Measure your room

Measure the length and width of the room then multiply to determine the square footage. When you order your flooring, you’ll need to order 10-15% extra to account for damaged or irregular pieces.

Step 2 -Check the sub floor

Minimum requirements for your under layer are 3/4″ plywood. Ensure that there are no squeaks or uneven areas in the subfloor. If you find a squeaky or wiggly spot, secure it with a drywall screw. Remove the shoe-moulding and clean up thoroughly.

Step 3 -Vapor barrier paper

You will need strips of vapour barrier paper under your hardwood flooring in Toronto. Roll out the strips with a 4” overlap and staple it to the subfloor. 15-pound tar paper or a layer of felt are commonly used and inexpensive. Mark on top of it where the joists are with a pencil.

Step 4 -Begin installation

Start installation at your longest, unobstructed wall. Snap a chalk line 3/8″ away from the baseboard. Later, this will allow for mild expansion and contraction of boards due to weather.

step 5 – Place the Boards

Spread your boards across the room. Mix and mix the shades, colours and lengths. The natural variations of wood can create a random pattern. Laying out the planks like this is called, “racking the board.” It’s essential because the packages/bundles of boards will tend to be more uniform in each group and installing one box at a time will show groups of similar light and dark areas or textures. Choose a long, straight board to align with your chalk line and place it there. Drill your pilot holes through the plank and into the subfloor and joist under it. Face-nail each subsequent board at the point of each joist and then set the nails with a nail-set. Face nail the entire first row the same way but keep the board’s lengths that you select, random. It’s crucial to face-nail your first plank row because a pneumatic nail can’t get in due to positioning. The force of it hitting the wall would push the wood against your baseboard, eliminating the 3/8″ expansion zone you created. Note- lay your first boards perpendicular to joists underneath. That will help ensure a long lasting, secure fastening.

Step 6- Hand-nail the rolls

after your first rows are installed, drill some pilot holes into the tongue of each plank edge and hand-nail the rolls until you gain enough clearance for your pneumatic nail gun.

Racking the Board


Step 7- Staple your hardwood boards

Using your pneumatic nail gun, place it over the edge of each board and strike with a mallet, driving a staple into the tongue at the side. Working your way across, power-nail the planks through the tongue. Leave just a 3/4-inch gap for expansion between the end plank and wall. Stagger the ends by 6 inches and keep racking bundles as you progress.

Step 8- Framing around obstructions

As you work across the floor, at the edges, you’ll likely encounter obstructions like fireplace edges or counters. Mitre your boards to create a buffer between boards and the wall, positioning boards, so they line up with the rest of the floorboards. Cut off the plank tongue if it’s on the edge facing the obstruction. Where your hardwood flooring meets a bump, frame or other irregularity, cut board corners to fit. Push your board flush to the obstacle and measure out where to cut away material. Allow for a ½ inch expansion gap at the end of a plank, and ¾ along edges. You’ll make your cuts with a jigsaw.

Step 9- Fill any holes

You can replace the shoe moulding once all boards are in place, then putty all your nail holes that have been face-nailed. Your wood-putty should match the tone of your wood perfectly.

Step 10- Toronto hardwood flooring maintenance

Maintenance of beautiful wood floors isn’t complicated. You should regularly sweep to keep grit off and protect surfaces with furniture pads. Avoid excess water and spot clean or use a lightly damp mop instead.

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